Laser Tattoo Reduction
Laser tattoo reduction is the only clinically proven method of removing a tattoo without causing scarring. For more than a decade, Q-switched lasers have been designed to create ultra-short pulses of light energy that shatter ink in a tattoo.
The production of ultra-short (nanosecond) pulses of the precise wavelengths of light energy best designed to shatter tattoo ink is the hallmark of Tattoo reduction technology.
During a tattoo reduction procedure, laser light is applied to the tattooed area of the skin. The light is selectively absorbed by the tattoo ink particles, leaving the surrounding skin tissue and chromophores unharmed.
How it works
The tattoo ink particles absorb the laser energy, heat up, and shatter into smaller ink particles. In the days and weeks following a laser treatment, the body’s immune system flushes away the shattered ink particles, causing the tattoo to fade. Over a series of treatments, more and more of the ink shatters, leaving the skin free of ink.
LASER is an acronym that represents Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Lasers emit monochromatic (single colour/wavelength) light through a process called stimulated emission in a narrow beam or series of pulses.
For this process, a bright, quickly-flashing light source called a flashlamp is used to excite atoms in a crystal Nd:YAG laser rod. When the atoms of the crystal receive energy, they emit photons that travel at a specific wavelength.
Optics and mechanisms, such as the reflective mirror and output coupler, focus the photons into a laser beam. The laser beam carries energy to the skin and is selectively absorbed by tattoo ink particles.
Tattoo reduction lasers produce specific wavelengths of light that have been proven to be absorbed by certain colours of tattoo ink while avoiding damage to surrounding skin tissue and chromophores (such as melanin and haemoglobin). When the laser energy is applied for the right length of time, at the right level of energy, and in the proper wavelength, the tattoo ink is selectively targeted.
Each wavelength effects how tattoo removal works and corresponds to a certain range of tattoo ink colours, which is why different types of tattoo removal lasers are available. The most popular wavelengths used for tattoo removal are 1064nm and 532nm, which can both be achieved with a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser.
Laser treatment of tattoos can on occasions leave small scars, in some instances where the laser tattoo removal has been carried out incorrectly large scarring can occur.
Combining microneedling with the laser treatments in these circumstances is the ultimate solution. The microneedling is done directly prior and again a few weeks after each laser treatment, our practitioner treats the area with a microneedling device which creates tiny microwounds in the skin.
Microneedling involves puncturing the skin using fine needles so that new collagen and elastin formation will occur. The microtrauma in the dermal layer will cause a healing process where new collagen is desired to form. It also helps tighten the skin’s surface and reduce any wrinkles, fine lines and help improve the texture.